Major Depressive Disorder
Major depressive disorder is the most common type of clinical depression.
In fact the disorder has been called, "the common cold of psychiatric disorders." The disorder affects from ten to twenty percent of the American population.
Major depression is usually considered a disorder of young adults. It often begins between ages 18 and 45...but can begin in childhood or old age.
What causes major depression is a question that is hard to answer. No one really understands for sure what causes the disorder.
We do know some factors that contribute to the disorder. These factors are many and their impact is complex. Thus, they probably should be considered contributors rather than causes.
Studies involving twins suggest that major depressive disorder has a strong genetic influence.
Other factors which seem to contribute to the disorder developing include emotionally traumatic events, losses, and stressors such as sexual and physical abuse, war, natural disasters, proverty, death of a loved one, and growing up in a seriously dysfunctional family, such as an alcoholic family.
The symptoms of major depressive disorder include those typical of all depressions...sadness, emptiness, loss of interest and pleasure, irritability, anger, changes in appetite, sleep problems, restlessness, slow movement and thinking, fatigue, worthlessness and guilt, poor concentration, thoughts about death and suicide. These symptoms can be very severe.
Major depression symptoms can also include psychosis. Psychosis means a person has lost the ability to distinguish between what is real and what is not real.
A person with major depression may experience hallucinations. Halluciantions are when a person sees things that are not there or hears voices.
He or she may also have delusions. Delusions are false beliefs that the depressed person accepts as the truth.
Psychotic symptoms occur in episodes of depression that last two weeks or longer.
Major depression is an episodic disorder. That is, it occurs in episodes that come and go.
The average episode continues for nine months. Episodes can last up to two years.
After having one depressive episode, there is about a fifty percent chance of having a second. Following two episodes, the chances of having additional episodes is seventy to eighty percent.
The frequency, severity, and duration of episodes can be decreased with treatment. The most effective treatment for major depressive disorder is a combination of medication and cognitive psychotherapy.
The "How To Transform Your Life" E-Workshop can help you learn self-development and coping skills. Using these skills you can manage stress more effectively, cope better with problems, and develop a more satisfying life. Such skills can, thus, help you manage your major depressive disorder.
The E-Workshop is not intended as a treatment for depression or any other medical or psychological disorder. It should not be used as a substitute for psychotherapy or psychiatric treatment.
When receiving psychotherapy or psychiatric treatment, The "How To Transform Your Life" E-Workshop may help you make faster progress.
If you are suffering with major depressive disorder, I encourage you to make full use of the "How To Transform Your Life" E-Workshop, psychotherapy, and psychiatric treatment.
To learn more about how this workshop can help you better manage your major depressive disorder, click here.
In summary, major depressive disorder is a common type of clinical depression experienced by many people.
Although the disorder is most often diagnosed in young adulthood, it can begin in childhood or in old age.
There are many factors that contribute to the development of the disorder including genetics, trauma, losses, and stressors.
Symptoms of major depressive disorder are much the same as those of other depressive disorders but can be severe. They occur in episodes.
Treatment can help. Learning coping skills using The "How to Transform Your Life" E-Workshop can also help.
You can go to the depression-help-for-you.com home page by clicking here.